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Cybersecurity, everything you need to know

Cybersecurity, everything you need to know

Learn more on the most in-demand job in the world. 

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Cybersecurity

But what is cybersecurity? Cybersecurity, as the word suggests, encompasses all possible defense mechanisms to protect electronic systems from hacks. Not so different from an assault upon a fortress, with the difference that instead of a castle, we talk about devices, systems, servers and networks. The most valuable treasure to secure: the data. Data is the most sought-after commodity for hackers and is the Achilles heel of private individuals and companies. Numerous types of attacks have been designed to steal it.

Some of the most common cyber attacks

Phishing

Perhaps the most famous of cyber attacks and the one most frequent. It’s basically a fake email that resembles in every way one from a real source (often even an institutional one such as from a bank or the post office). In reality it contains fraudulent communications intended to steal the data of the victim.

Phishing

Phishing

Perhaps the most famous of cyber attacks and the one most frequent. It’s basically a fake email that resembles in every way one from a real source (often even an institutional one such as from a bank or the post office). In reality it contains fraudulent communications intended to steal the data of the victim.

Malware

Malware

once again, the preferred means of spreading for this type of attack is an email, or rather the (deliberately infected) attachments of the same. There are different types of malicious software including: spyware, ransomware and worms.

Man in the middle

Man in the middle

it’s literally a third party intruding and altering the communication between two parties who are convinced that they are only communicating with each other.

Denial-of-service (DoS)

Denial-of-service (DoS)

and distributed denial-of-service (DDoS): they disrupt in several ways the overall functioning of systems.

In addition to those listed, there are an infinite number of attacks that can damage us and our privacy. But what does cybersecurity do? Through the help of a cyber security specialist (or a cyber security consultant, analyst, manager or expert) it is possible to thwart an attack or 'heal' an infected system.

The Cybersecurity Specialist's salary

The Cybersecurity Specialist's salary

When it comes to working in cyber security, you cannot improvise. All the roles we listed are crucial within any business and the offer for cyber security jobs is always abundant.

  • 45.000 €

    Junior salary

  • 65.000 €

    >3 years of experience

  • 90.000 €

    Senior salary

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Cyber security specialists, what do they do?

A cyber security specialist can cover several cyber professions depending on the size and type of company or organization he or she is part of.Ensuring cybersecurity is important because most data breaches are caused within the organization, whether intentionally or accidentally. The skills of a cyber security expert can be different: specific to a particular IT product (e.g. that of a particular vendor), or in domains particular vendor), or in domains such as computer operating systems, applications or cyber security websites.

Cyber security consultant, what he/she does

The Cyber security consultant specializes in preventing and detecting threats, but also in managing and intervening in major cyber attacks. His consulting focuses on conducting ICT Security Audits, Risk Assessment, Vulnerability Assessment (IT and/or OT area). If necessary, he may be involved in project management activities focused on Cyber Security.

Cyber security consultant, what he does

The cyber security consultant specializes in preventing and detecting threats, but also in managing and intervening in major cyber attacks. His consulting focuses on conducting ICT Security Audits, Risk Assessment, Vulnerability Assessment (IT and/or OT area). If necessary, he may be involved in project management activities focused on Cyber Security.

Cyber security analyst, what he/she does

His/her main role is to analyze threats in order to identify the potential vulnerabilities of any information system and carry out efficient risk assessments to create increasingly effective protection tools and procedures. In addition, a good analyst actively monitors the network  to block any type of attack or intrusion within systems and devices. He/she studies the weakest and most easily accessible points and compares them to the strengths of the system. Through the data collected, it generates detailed reports to keep an eye on the state of the network in the short and long term. It uses advanced protection programmes and tools and instructs employees in good cyber security standards. It chooses which configuration tools to adopt to protect information. In short, his/her task is to actively defend data with all the skills at his/her disposal.

Cyber Security Manager and Cyber Security Expert, what they do

The security expert and the security manager are responsible for dealing with the actual cyber risks that may threaten systems, data and the company's reputation. They are primarily managers with a great responsibility and high attention requirements.

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